Necessity of a Guru in the trdition of Advaita Vedanta
Advaita vedānta requires anyone seeking to study advaita vedānta to do so from a Guru (teacher). The Guru must have the following qualities (see Mundaka Upanishad 1.2.12):
- Śrotriya — must be learned in the Vedic scriptures and sampradaya
- Brahmanishtha — literally meaning established in Brahman; must have realised the oneness of Brahman in everything and in himself
The seeker must serve the Guru and submit questions with all humility in order to remove all doubts (see Bhagavad Gita 4.34). By doing so, advaita says, the seeker will attain moksha (liberation from the cycle of births and deaths).